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In English it is called a small wheel; in French it is called Roulette, across the globe it is the most popular casino game of all time.
The game involves calling the shots on where the ball will land. The table is filled with numbers and has various betting choices.
The history of Roulette is interesting to say the least. The game is said to be derived from the Rome, where contestants would shoot arrows in a wheel that had holes in it. However, it is believed that this activity was used by the Chinese as a means of torturing.
In the world of casinos, roulette is one of the oldest but it was not until the 17th century that the game started to take its shape. An illustrious mathematician called Blaise Pascal invented the game and its rules that remain the same even today. He even made the small wheel that is used to play the game and that’s how the game got its name of roulette, as in French roulette means wheel. To provide an added advantage to the house, the single zero roulette wheel was designed by Lois and Francois Blanc.
The first game was known as European Roulette and its introduction took the entire European continent by storm. King Charles became a big admirer because the game became the prime source of earnings for his kingdom. The game really took off when it crossed borders and landed in the United States
The game became to be known as American Roulette and it became the prime source of entertainment for the rich barons of the land. An additional change was made to the game when it came to America, an additional zero i.e (00) was added. This extended the degree of advantage which was afforded earlier to the house
There are many versions of the game including French Roulette, European Roulette, 3D Roulette, American Roulette and others that are played across the globe all due to the availability of online gambling sites.
Casino games tend to give evidence of the history that is attached to them. Same is the case with Roulette which reflects the union of its American & French background.
American Wheel: The wheel containing all thirty eight digits. In American roulette there is an addition of 00 to give an added advantage to the house.
Ball: The little white colored ball that is used to play the game. It rotates along with the wheel until finally settling down on a digit.
Column Bet: A bet taken on the vertical line of twelve digits (1-12, 13-24, 25-36), that have a payout ratio equal to 2:1. The bet is also called a “derniere” or a dozen bet for the last 12 digits. If the bet is placed on the first 12 digits then it is known as “premiere 12”
Corner Bet: A bet taken on the 04 neighboring digits, this bet has a good payout of 8:1. In French it is called “carré”.
Croupier: French term for “dealer”, also used in online casinos as well as American Casinos.
European Wheel: Wheel with 36 numbers, one zero less than the American version.
Even Bet: A bet taken on every even digit.
Even Money Bet: All bets that have a pays out ratio of 1:1. These include odd/even, red/black, high/low.
Five Number Bet: The bet is valid only in American Roulette and is taken on 1,2,3,0, 00.
High/Low Bet: Bit placed on either the high digits from 19 to 36 or on low digits 1 to 18.
Inside Bet: Bet placed on the digits, which are present on the inside part of the game table.
Line Bet: Bet placed on six continuous digits.
Odd Bet: Bet placed on all odd numbers apart from zero.
Outside Bet: A bet placed on outcome besides the numbers such as high or low or red or black.
Split Bet: A bet placed on 2 numbers.
Straight Up Bet: A bet placed on 1 number.
Street Bet: A bet placed on 3 continuous numbers.
Objective: To guess which area (or spot) the ball will finally land into.
Rival: the House
- Bets are taken on a set of digits (corner, lines, and columns), single numbers, odd or even, red or black, high or low. Each player takes a wager on them.
- The deal spins the wheel, all players and observers then wait for the ball to land in the slot.
- Winners are paid by the dealer.
House advantage: In the European version of the game, the figure stands at 2.7%. In the American version however due to the addition of two zeroes the figure rises to 5.26%.
Straight-up bet on one number – 36:1 (or 37:1/38:1 in the absence of house advantage).
Split bet on 2 numbers - 17:1.
Street bet on 3 numbers - 11:1.
Corner bet on 4 numbers - 8:1.
6-number bet - 5:1.
Column or outside 12 number bet - 2:1
Even Money Bets - 1:1.
You cannot actually devise a winning formula for Roulette because there really is no pattern to the game. It’s all dependent on the roll of the wheel; every spin is independent so you don’t know what you are going to get next. This rule applies to all versions of the game, however there are a few tactics that one can follow to enhance the probability of winning.
Martingale Strategy: People new to the game like to use this tactic. It is quite simple, a player decides to wager only on even money bets (odds/evens, high/low, red/black) and in case of a loss the amount of the bet is doubled. In Even Money Bets there is a 50% chance of winning so by when the bet is increased two times after each loss it ensures that when the player wins, all the loss will be recovered. The major risk in this bet is that if the option does not roll for 4-5 continuous attempts then the bankroll limit might get exhausted and all the money can be lost.
D’Alembert Strategy: This is a conservative approach to the game in which the player decreases the wager for each win and increases the wager for each loss. The goal here is to stop after netting off your losses. If you go on a losing streak, hold back, and if it’s the other way round then cash in your chips
James Bond Strategy: The strategy is named after Bond, so it’s safe to assume that it is sure to be flashy. It requires a budget of minimum $200 and is only applicable for the European version of the game. The tactics is to take a wager on column bet, 10% of the amount is placed on zero, 25% on low digits and 70% on high digits. This give you a 50% chance of winning if the ball hits 0 or a high number, hit low and you’re out.
- Roulette is a simple, yet fun and interesting game, especially if you are new to the world of casinos.
- Roulette is no Poker, so don’t get any ideas of trying to make a career out of it. In this game, you do not compete against actual opponents but only against the house that has a substantial advantage over you.
- Start small and increase your chances of winning by only playing even money bets. The payoff is less but then again so is the risk. You can easily equal or even better your losses.
- There are two versions of the game: the European & the American. The finest casinos offer them both. Try them and see which one you like better.
Before playing any gambling game, always practice. Online casinos are a great source where you can practice for free instead of using actual money. Play the free games and develop an understanding of the game before playing with real money.